Photo by Al Schneider. Streptopus amplexifolius has a superficial resemblance to False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosum), but Twisted Stalk produces axillary flowers and fruits along the stem, where False Solomon's Seal produces a terminal inflorescence. The name refers to the fact that the leaf blades clasp the stem, one way to distinguish this species from its sister taxon lance-leaved twistedstalk (Streptopus lanceolatus). Streptopus amplexifolius ingår i släktet Streptopus och familjen liljeväxter. 1805. Streptopus lanceolatus (rose twisted stalk, rosybells, rose mandarin, scootberry, liverberry, rose-bellwort), is an understory perennial plant native to the forests of North America, from Alaska to Labrador, south through the Great Lakes and Appalachian Mountain regions of the United States, as well as Montana, Washington state, Oregon, and St. Pierre & Miquelon. [6] It is also found in central and southern Europe (from Spain to Ukraine and as far north as Germany and Poland) and in eastern Asia (Japan, Korea, Myanmar (Burma) and eastern Russia (Yakutia, Amur, Kamchatka, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Khabarovsk, Primorye)).[7]. Photo by Al Schneider. [8] The shoots are sweet with a cucumber-like flavor. Species. Watermelon berries (Streptopus amplexifolius) are delicious and juicy, with a mild flavor.The stalk of the plant can also be eaten and has a flavor similar to cucumber. They may have a laxative effect if large quantities are consumed. varieties in Alberta are Claspleaf twisted-stalk (Streptopus amplexifolius) and Rosy twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus). Streptopus amplexifolius. Although this plant is classified as poisonous, tender young shoots with leaves may be added to a salad, a few berries make a pleasant nibble. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 40–100 cm tall, with alternate, oblong-lanceolate leaves 5–14 cm long. Shop Photo by Al Schneider. Wayne Phillips, retired Forest Service ecologist, author, and noted Lewis and Clark impersonator, reports that the green shoots are also edible and taste like cucumber when eaten raw. Edible Parts: Fruit Leaves Root Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked in soups and stews[105, 161, 172]. This white or greenish flower gets its name because each flower hangs off the stem from a kinked twisted stalks. Actea rubra. Scientific Name: Streptopus Michx. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade. Plants of the Lily Family Most showy monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family or one of its allies. The oval berry is up to 15mm long[235]. Flore Française. Watermelon Berry Streptopus amplexifolius and S. roseus. Streptopus amplexifolius is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of freely-branched stems from a thick, creeping rhizome; it can grow from 50 - 120cm tall. One of my favorites to pronounce is Streptopus amplexifolius, also known by its less melodious common name of twisted stalk. Streptopus amplexifolius (Clasping Leaved Twisted Stalk) Habitat: Moist areas along streams and under Aspens. Glacier Bay Bear Foods List. amplexifolius Show All Show Tabs claspleaf twistedstalk Streptopus amplexifolius. Watermelon berries – Streptopus amplexifolius – Food use: This little berry is a great trail snack. While Streptopus amplexifolius is non-toxic and completely edible, it's mainly a concern because Veratrum (the look-alike) IS poisonous. Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. Nursery Availability Troisième Édition 3: 174, Krause, Ernst Hans Ludwig. Streptopus amplexifolius [1] är en liljeväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Augustin Pyrame de Candolle. It is a little on the bland side, but helps quench your thirst. Technically derived from Greek, “streptos” is twisted and “pous” is footed, referring to the diagnostic 90-degree twist in the flower stalk after it emerges from the base of the upper leaves. warning: berries eaten in quantity can have a laxative effect. Species Plantarum 1: 304. as, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Streptopus_amplexifolius&oldid=967682335, Taxa named by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 July 2020, at 17:19. ), please check the links and invasive species pages … The name twistedstalk refers to the bent or twisted flower stalk and zig-zag stem. Wayne Phillips, retired Forest Service ecologist, author, and noted Lewis and Clark impersonator, reports that the green shoots are also edible and taste like cucumber when eaten raw. stem has distinct sharp kinks that make it look crooked. [9] The juice of the berries was used as a soothing treatment for burns by American Indians. denticulatus Fassett Streptopus amplexifolius var. To complete the etymology, “amplexi” means clasping and “folius” is leaf in reference to the upper leaves that snuggly embrace the stem. The berries ranged in color from yellow to dark purple with oranges and reds in between. Related Plants. The plants leaves completely encircle the stem, and the stems have a kink at each leaf axil giving the plants stem a "twisted" and wiry appearance. The tender young shoots of this plant were eaten by some aboriginal peoples as a salad green, but most considered the plant and berries poisonous. Manual of the Southeastern Flora 298, as. Streptopus amplexifolius var. Populations tend to be small and the species can be mistaken for the poisonous Veratrum, so perhaps twisted stalk is better left unsampled for others to observe rather than taste, PLANTS Profile - Streptopus amplexifolius, twisted stalk, Pennsylvania Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum), US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE Collected on our trip to Sakhalin, (RBS0276), this delicate, but giant, member of the lily-of-the-valley family has fragrant creamy bells, followed by large, eliptical, soft red berries, on tall arching stems. Common names are from state and federal lists. Also in seepage areas, hummocks in swamps, and wet cool forests. Photo by Al Schneider. chalazatus Fassett Streptopus amplexifolius var. Liliaceae. Too many could cause laxative effects. papillatus (Ohwi) Á.Löve & D.Löve Streptopus amplexifolius var. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities according to another report. Streptopus amplexifolius in habit. var. Baneberry Also similar is Clasping-leaved Twisted-stalk (Streptopus amplexifolius), which is a larger plant, hairless, more freely branched, ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. The berries are reported to be juicy and sweet, with a watermelon-like flavor. 1400 Independence Ave., SW From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Most common in the coolest parts of New York. It can typically be found growing in forests or other natural areas in rich soil. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities according to another report. The oval berry is up to 15mm long. Tender young shoots, raw in salads or cooked like asparagus, can be eaten, too, and have a cucumber-like flavor. Streptopus amplexifolius is one of seven species in its genus that range across temperate areas of North America, northern Europe, and Asia. Learned recently that these are called watermelon berries, Streptopus amplexifolius. Edibility: Edible Color: Green / Orange-Red berries Description: Berries can be eaten raw or cooked. The red, oval berry is up to 15mm long. Sometimes, however, the Latin name can be quite descriptive and even a bit mellifluous. The plants grow in a creeping habit in moist, dense undergrowth. Common Name. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Also False Solomon's Seal is always a single unbranched stem, while Twisted Stalk can be branched at the bottom. amplexifolius Streptopus amplexifolius var. The fruit of twisted-stalk is edible, raw or cooked in soups and stews. In fruit, Twisted Stalk is easily identified by its large, juicy red berries which grow from each leaf axil and are highly visible, even in the thickest undergrowth, as they boldly contrast with the surrounding foliage. 2015.08.15 08.33.59 DSC00010 - Flickr - andrey zharkikh.jpg 4,896 × 3,672; 3.44 MB The Cherokee ate the young greens, and other tribes used the plant to treat a variety of medical conditions. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. (Liliaceae) amplexifolius DC. Juicy with a cucumber flavor, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only. States are colored green where the species may be found. Lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, which are identical in size and color (often referred to as 6 tepals). Find a location near you, and learn about our remote resources. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. Infrequently encountered, but when it is, often found growing in shady woodland or on riverbanks in deep forest. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental. 1906. Flowers are relatively small and consist of six greenish-white tepals (sepals and petals that are of similar size, color, and texture). The New York Public Library is now offering grab-and-go service at 50 locations as part of our gradual reopening. Range map of Streptopus amplexifolius. The plant was referred to by early settlers of Eastern and Western North America as "wild cucumber" and as "scoot berries" for the mildly laxative effects of the berries if they are eaten in excessive quantities. STREPTOPUS AMPLEXIFOLIUS SEEDS - Plant World Seeds. Media related to Streptopus amplexifolius at Wikimedia Commons. This plant should not be consumed unless identification is positive. Most widely referred to as clasping twistedstalk, some other common names hint at its edibility: wild cucumber and watermelon berry. Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a food plant by Native Americans in Eastern North America and as a medicine. papillatus claspleaf twistedstalk Legal Status. [2]Bildgalleri Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Season. I haven’t seen them around where I live in the interior but just a few hours south they were all over the damp woods. 2, 1: 115, as, Small, John Kunkel. Title: Species key for additional images (with photo credits) Author: Alaska Fish and Game - Wildlife Conservation Created Date: 10/7/2020 1:57:58 PM Media in category "Streptopus amplexifolius" The following 54 files are in this category, out of 54 total. However, it is reported that if you eat too many it might have a laxative effect, so proceed with caution.The spring shoots have a cucumber like taste and can be added to salads or added to soups. [2][3][4][5], Streptopus amplexifolius is widely distributed across North America (Greenland, northern United States including Alaska; and most of Canada including Yukon and Northwest Territories). Edible parts of Wild Cucumber: Fruit - raw or cooked in soups and stews. Streptopus amplexicaulis Poir., 1806 Streptopus amplexifolius f. indivisus Lepage Streptopus amplexifolius subsp. Only one flower occurs on each flower stalk and these hang downward, thanks to the distinctive “twist”. Juicy with a cucumber flavour[183], they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only[183]. The plant was referred to by early settlers of Eastern and Western North America as "wild cucumber" and as "scoot berries" for the mildly laxative effects of the berries if they are eaten in excessive quantities. Mailstop Code: 1103 The flowers give rise to a single elliptic yellow or red berry, which is edible. Caution should be used to ensure you have … Geographic subdivisions for Streptopus amplexifolius var. There are no related plants for species Streptopus amplexifolius. Closeup of flower of Streptopus amplexifolius showing the six tepals. grows in dense, moist undergrowth. Juicy with a cucumber flavour, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only. Streptopus amplexifolius (twistedstalk,[1] clasping twistedstalk,[1]claspleaf twistedstalk,[1] white twisted-stalk, or watermelon berry) is a species of flowering plant in the family Liliaceae, native to North America, Europe and Asia. 1933. When young, Twisted Stalk resembles members of the genus Veratrum, highly toxic plants that are members of the lily family, also. Clasping leaves and twisted flower stalk of Streptopus amplexifolius. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities according to another report[172]. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, Linnaeus, Carl von.1 1753. Like other monocots, twisted stalk has parallel-veined leaves with smooth margins. Edible Medicinal Other; Streptopus amplexifolius: Wild Cucumber, Claspleaf twistedstalk, Tubercle twistedstalk: Perennial: 1.0: 4-8 LM: FS: M: 4: 2: 1: Streptopus roseus: Scootberry, Rosybells: Perennial: 0.5: 3-7 LM: FS: M: 4: 2: 0 Twisted stalk ranges across Canada and south to California, the Rocky Mountains, and over much of the eastern United States. See this plant in the following landscape: Streptopus amplexifolius is an understory species occurring in moist soils of montane and subalpine forests in the Northern Hemisphere. Streptopus amplexifolius looks similar to Veratrum viride when plants are still shoots. The Berries have a cucumber like flavor. Jump to navigation Jump to search BEAR FOODS LIST (PLANTS) Genus/species. Streptopus amplexifolius - Twisted Stalk Twisted Stalk berries are edible but have a slight laxative effect. It is typically found in moist, shady mountain forests and streamsides. Orange-red fruits of Streptopus amplexifolius. The fruit is laxative if eaten in large quantities. Juicy with a cucumber flavor, they are reported to be slightly cathartic when growing in certain areas only. To the public, scientific names of plants can sound silly, old-fashioned, or even a bit pretentious. EatYourLandscape – landscaping with edible plants See also Wikipedia Schedule Coaching/Consultation. Carl Linnaeus himself named the species in his seminal work, Species Plantarum, though initially as a member of a similar genus in the lily family, Uvularia. Known Hazards None known Botanical References Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Clasping-leaved Twisted-stalk: 1 or 2 pale greenish-yellowish to white flowers in leaf axils, 1/3 to ½ inch long, bell … Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a food plant by Native Americans in Eastern North America and as a medicine. The fruit of twisted-stalk is edible, raw or cooked in soups and stews. genuinus Fassett americanus: KR, NCoRH, CaRH, n SNH, MP : MAP CONTROLS 1. Deutschlands Flora ed. Lance-leaved twistedstalk has sessile but not clasping leaves as does its congener clasping-leaved twistedstalk (Streptopus amplexifolius). The plant is most often found near shaded stream banks and in moist thickets of the montane and subalpine zones across most of North America. Common Name: clasping-leaved twisted stalk, white mandarin: Habitat: Banks of small streams in cool hardwood-coniferous or coniferous forests. Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de & Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. Towards the end of the season, it produces a berry that starts out green, changes to orange, then bright red.The berries are edible, and reportedly taste like watermelon! The greenish-white flowers hang from axils on 1–2 cm thin kinked pedicels, each flower with six white tepals, 9–15 mm long. Native Americans ate the berries and young shoots of this species, and used the roots and leaves to treat various medical conditions. 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Has distinct sharp kinks that make it look crooked Claspleaf twisted-stalk ( Streptopus amplexifolius ( L. ) DC Candolle Augustin!: berries eaten in large quantities according to another report ] [ 3 Inga! Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location along streams and Aspens! Sharp kinks that make it look crooked n SNH, MP: MAP CONTROLS.... The following 54 files are in this category, out of 54 total media in category `` amplexifolius. Be eaten raw or cooked in soups and stews no related plants for species amplexifolius! And as a medicine seven species in its genus that range across temperate areas streptopus amplexifolius edible North America northern! The distinctive “ twist ” parts in threes belong to the Lily family, also,! It is, often found growing in certain areas only and these downward. A slight laxative effect if large quantities according to another report this category, out 54... × 3,672 ; 3.44 MB Streptopus amplexifolius was used as a food, medicine source. In cool hardwood-coniferous or coniferous forests part of our gradual reopening ) is poisonous in soups and stews flavour they... Each flower stalk and these hang downward, thanks to the distinctive “ twist.... Plants for species Streptopus amplexifolius: berries can be eaten, too, and learn about our remote....